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Buffalo Soldiers: Pioneers of American Enviro- Protection & Conservation | GeoCOMPASS eXplorers®


Washington DC, 02 October 2023

World Scouting
Buffalo Soldiers-US Park Rangers

The Buffalo Soldiers, specifically the African-American 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments formed after the Civil War, played a crucial and often overlooked role in shaping the early United States Department of Interior Park Ranger Services. Their instrumental contributions laid the foundation for conservation efforts in the United States. Moreover, their story serves as a poignant example of diversity and inclusion in a time when such concepts were far from prevalent. This paper aims to provide a comprehensive exploration of the history of the Buffalo Soldiers, their immense contributions to the development of the US Department of Interior Park Ranger Services, and the enduring relevance of their legacy in promoting diversity and inclusion in contemporary environmental conservation.

Buffalo Soldiers- 9th & 10th Calvary
Buffalo Soldiers- 9th & 10th Calvary


US Dept. of Interior National Park Ranger Badge
US National Park Ranger Badge

The term "Buffalo Soldiers" refers to Black regiments established by the US Congress after the Civil War in 1866. Of particular note were the 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments, and later the 24th & 25th Infantry Regiments, led by figures such as Colonel Charles Young and Colonel Benjamin Grierson. These regiments were tasked with patrolling the western frontier, securing the borders, and maintaining peace in the tumultuous post-Civil War period.

However, what often goes understated is their substantial contribution to the early conservation efforts in the United States, which forms a critical part of their historical narrative.

US Park Ranger Superintendent Stewart speaking to the crowd
Superintendent Stewart Speaks @ dThe Charles Young Buffalo Soldier Monument

The Buffalo Soldiers and the Birth of American Park Ranger Services

The early years of the American National Park System saw rampant poaching, illegal logging, and mining activities. In 1899, the US Army was tasked with overseeing and protecting these national parks. African-American regiments, particularly the Buffalo Soldiers, were at the forefront of this endeavor. Figures like Lieutenant Colonel Charles Young, the first African-American superintendent of a national park (Sequoia and General Grant National Parks), and General John J. Pershing, who began his military career with the 10th Cavalry Regiment, were instrumental in safeguarding natural resources, wildlife, and public lands from exploitation, laying the foundation for modern American Park Ranger Services.

Buffalo Soldier Sgt.
Buffalo Soldier Sgt.

Legacy and Major Contributions of the Buffalo Soldiers

The legacy of the Buffalo Soldiers extends far beyond their military service. Their contribution to the development of American Park Ranger Services cannot be overstated. They protected Yellowstone, Yosemite, Sequoia, and General Grant National Parks, showcasing their dedication to conservation and establishing a template for subsequent generations of park rangers. The Buffalo Soldiers effectively pioneered early concepts of diversity and inclusion, showcasing the importance of different perspectives and backgrounds in conservation efforts.

Buffalo Soldiers-Legacy of Diversity 2
Buffalo Soldiers-US Park Rangers-Legacy of Diversity

The Relevance of the Buffalo Soldiers' Legacy to Diversity and Inclusion in Modern Environmental Conservation

In the contemporary context, the Buffalo Soldiers' legacy stands as a beacon for the integration of diversity and inclusion in environmental conservation. Their story highlights the strength that emerges from embracing various perspectives, backgrounds, and experiences. As the field of conservation grapples with global challenges, such as climate change and biodiversity loss, diversity and inclusion are more critical than ever. A diverse and inclusive conservation workforce is better equipped to address the complexities of the modern world, fostering innovative solutions and effectively engaging diverse communities in conservation efforts

Buffalo Soldiers-Legacy of Diversity1
Buffalo Soldiers-US Park Rangers-Legacy of Diversity


The Buffalo Soldiers' historical narrative extends far beyond their military service, marking a significant chapter in the history of conservation in the United States. Their instrumental contributions laid the foundation for modern American Park Ranger Services and emphasized the importance of diversity and inclusion, notions still pertinent in contemporary environmental conservation. By embracing and learning from their legacy, we can further advocate for diversity and inclusion in the conservation field, ensuring a more sustainable and inclusive future. The Buffalo Soldiers' story serves as a timeless reminder of the transformative potential that diversity and inclusion hold within the realm of environmental conservation.

Buffalo Soldiers-Legacy of Diversity 3
Buffalo Soldiers-US Park Rangers-Legacy of Diversity


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  1. "Buffalo Soldiers." National Park Service.

  2. Hogue, Michael. "The Buffalo Soldiers and the American West." University Press of New England, 1998.

  3. Schubert, Frank N. "On the Trail of the Buffalo Soldier: Biographies of African Americans in the U.S. Army, 1866-1917." Rowman & Littlefield, 2004.

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